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  • The four faces of Cividale - without architectural barriers

    Cividale is so steeped in history that the visitor can actually feel it.

    The town has preserved the most important artistic and cultural features of its extremely wealthy past.

    A Roman, Longobard, Patriarchal and Veneto city these are the four different faces of Cividale, which visitors can still admire today in an unforgettable journey through time.

    Total time: total from around 2 hours and 30 minutes to 4 hours (possible visits to Monastery, to Christian museum and to National Archaeological Museum with entrance fees)

    Distance: circa 3 km

    Difficulty: low (the museums are accessible to people of limited mobility)


    Start: Piazza Paolo Diacono, 10 (Informacittà counter – Information and tourist centre)
    - Corso Paolino d’Aquileia, Town hall building;
    - Piazza del Duomo: National Archaeological Museum; Palazzo de Nordis and Cathedral;
    - just past the corner of the Cahedral, turn into Via G.B. Candotti (slight gradient): Christian Museum and Cathedral Treasure;
    - corso Paolino d’Aquileia towards Devil's bridge;
    -via Monastero Maggiore: Monastery of Santa Maria in Valle and Longobard Temple;
    - return throughvia Monastero Maggiore, in the direction of Devil's bridge;, and again corso Paolino d'Aquileia;
    - Largo Boiani, Foro Giulio Cesare, piazza Dante: Veneto Arsenal Porta S.Pietro;
    - via Ristori, Piazza Paolo Diacono.

    There is an alternative to this route without architectural barriers: The four faces of Cividale - with architectural barriers
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  • The 4 faces of Cividale

    Cividale is so steeped in history that the visitor can actually feel it.

    The town has preserved the most important artistic and cultural features of its extremely wealthy past.

    A Roman, Longobard, Patriarchal and Veneto city these are the four different faces of Cividale, which visitors can still admire today in an unforgettable journey through time.

    Total time: total from around 2 hours and 30 minutes to 4 hours (possible visits to Monastery, to Christian museum and to National Archaeological Museum with entrance fees)

    Distance: cc. 3 kilometres

    Difficulty: low (the museums are accessible to people of limited mobility)

    Start: Piazza Paolo Diacono, 10 (Informacittà counter – Information and tourist centre)
    - Corso Mazzini, corso Paolino d’Aquileia, via Monastero Maggiore: Celtic Hypogeum (stairs present)
    - Corso Paolino d’Aquileia, Town hall building;
    - Piazza del Duomo: National Archaeological Museum;
    - Stretta Pozzo di Callisto (stairs present), via Monastero Maggiore: Monastery of Santa Maria in Valle e Longobard Temple,
    - via Monastero Maggiore, stretta Cornelio Gallo, via G.B. Candotti (stairs present): Christian Museum and Cathedral Treasure;
    - Piazza del Duomo: Duomo e Palazzo de Nordis;
    - Largo Boiani, Foro Giulio Cesare, piazza Dante: Arsenale Veneto Porta S.Pietro;
    - via Ristori, Piazza Paolo Diacono

    There is an alternative to this route without architectural barriers: The four faces of Cividale - without architectural barriers
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  • Percorso urbano della Grande Guerra

    A oltre un secolo di distanza dallo scoppio della Grande Guerra, Cividale commemora i tragici eventi del confilitto che la coinvolsero direttamente, attraverso un percorso emozionale sui luoghi che furono scenario di importanti avvenimenti.
    Un invito a ripercorrere il passato attraverso ricordi ed immagini che hanno immortalato persone, cose, luoghi, istanti: nella città presente si sente ancora l' eco del conflitto che investì e travolse tutto e tutti.
    Percorrendo le strade e le piazze del centro cittadino sarà possibile individaure le tracce dei luoghi della guerra, dalla stazione dei treni, punto di arrivo dei giovani soldati che avrebbero poi dovuto proseguire a piedi verso le montagne , alla caserma, all' ospedale militare, al Ponte del Diavolo - fatto saltare e poi ricostruito - fino a raggiungere, fuori dalle mura cittadine, il cimitero monumentale.

    Il percorso dell "Grande Guerra" si compone di 10 tappe:

    1 - Vecchia stazione dei treni

    2 - Piazza San
    Giovanni

    3 - Borgo Brossana

    4 - Piazza Paolo Diacono

    5 - Largo Boiani

    6 - Stretta San Martino

    7 - Piazzetta Zorutti

    8 - Piazza del Duomo

    9 - Ponte del Diavolo

    10 - Borgo San Pietro


    Punto di partenza / arrivo :
    vecchia stazione dei treni

    Difficoltà : bassa
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  • Historical outline

    Archaeological finds dating back to Palaeolith and the Iron Age revealed us that the current town had actually been inhabited since prehistory, whereas the Celtic civilization had been for sure developing and prevailing on the former Paleo-Venetians since 4th century b.C.

    In 50 b.C. Julius Caesar established here the forum, from which Forum Iulii, the ancient town name (the root of the current placename Friuli): the town achieved the rank of municipium and became soon one of the most important centres of the region as for commercial and military force.

    In 568 a.C. the Longobards came and Cividale won a lead role becoming the capital city of the first Longobard dukedom in Italy, held by Gisulf I, nephew of King Alboin.
    Later on, during king Liutprand’s reign, came also Callisto, the Patriarch of Aquileia: the coexistence of both top political and religious figures in the same place at the same time - the duke with the Longobard aristocracy and the Patriarch with all the hierarchy - definitively turned Cividale into a powerful religious and political capital city, as well centre of art and culture.

    It stood as Patriarch’s see even after Charlemagne (Charles the Great) succeeded in the Longobards expulsion (774 a.C.). Under rule of the Franks, Cividale, as capital city of the Eastern March of Regnum Italiae, held its political and religious prestigious position: between the late 9th century and the early 10th century it was named Civitas Austriae (i.e. eastern city), from which the current name derives.

    In 1077 emperor Henry IV granted the Patriarchate of Aquileia the power of jurisdiction - including duke’s privileges - over the whole Friulan territory, thus ratifying the administrative and territorial self-government of the Friulan Patriarchal State, as well as the role of Cividale as capital city of the Friulan Country.

    In the early decades of the 16th century also this city, as all the main Friulan centres, had to surrender to the conquering armies of the Republic of Venice: in 1420 Cividale submitted and was annexed for good to Serenissima’s dominions.

    In 1797, by means of the Treaty of Campoformido between Napoleon and Austria, Cividale came under Hapsburg empire rule, and that position, with the exception of a short period being a part of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy, was ratified by the Congress of Vienna in 1815. Between 1848 and 1866 it was characterized by a ively Risorgimento movement that brought, after the Third Independence War, to the annexation of Cividale to the Italian Kingdom, together with Veneto and Friuli regions.

    More recently, during the First World War the city hosted for a short time the headquarters of the Second Army Corps and it had heavy damages from air raids. After the heavy defeat in Caporetto, it was occupied by the Austrian army. Cividale stands among the Cities that are decorated for Military Valour in the Liberation War, and awarded with Silver Medal for Military Valour in virtue of its citizens’ sacrifice and resistance war actions by Partisans during the Second World War.

    Birthplace of important figures of world culture, such as the historian Paolo Diacono, the painter and scene-designer Francesco Chiarottini, the actress Adelaide Ristori and the puppet master Vittorio Podrecca, Cividale’s rich heritage is made of monuments and works of art testifying its historical evolution, as marked and enriched by foreign civilizations.
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  • Piazza Paolo Diacono

    The heart of Cividale.

    On the left stands a house from the 15th century which preserves traces of frescoes, among which the crest of Cividale is clearly visible, and pointed windows, which is said to have belonged to the family of Paolo Diacono, Lombard historian who wrote about his people. In front of the house there is a fountain with an eighteenth century sculpture depicting the huntress Diana (1803).

    On the right of the fountain there is a glimpse of the flooring, a stone plaque indicates the place where, in 1874, the so-called tomb of Lombard Duke Gisulfo was found, now exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum (Piazza del Duomo). The piazza is adorned with other beautiful buildings.
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  • Paolo Diacono

    Paolo Diacono - Storico (Cividale del Friuli tra il 720 e il 724 - Montecassino 799 circa). Di nobile famiglia longobarda, monaco dapprima nel convento di Civate presso Como, poi di Montecassino (forse dal momento in cui entrò in quel monastero il re Rachis), ben visto e ben voluto dai re longobardi; dopo la caduta del regno longobardo entrò in contatto con Carlomagno per ottenere la liberazione di un suo fratello, reo di ribellione. Visse poi alla corte franca, e ritornò a Montecassino verso il 786. Autore di una Historia romana (forse prima del 774), rifacimento e continuazione di Eutropio, e dei Gesta episcoporum Mettensium, modello delle cronache vescovili posteriori.

    Il suo nome è però legato soprattutto alla Historia Langobardorum, racconto vivo della storia del suo popolo, scritto con un calore e una freschezza che raggiungono spesso altezza epica, e che è la maggior fonte per la conoscenza di quell'epoca; per quest'opera, Paolo Diacono attinse quasi certamente a tradizioni orali e, forse, a una perduta opera storica di Secondo di Trento (Secondo di Non). L'Historia Langobardorum si arresta al periodo antecedente la catastrofe del regno di Desiderio. P. D. riassunse il compendio del De verborum significatione di Verrio Flacco, dovuto a Sesto Pompeo Festo: data l'infelice lacunosità della tradizione manoscritta di Festo, il compendio di P.D. è di grande importanza per la conoscenza dell'opera di Verrio Flacco.
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